Skip navigation

Tag Archives: Adam



On The Necessity of Virtues and Values

Of an Empowering & Inspired Leader

The term values is often confused with virtues although similar in meaning virtues are characteristics and attributes (qualities and aspects) associated with the nature of God whereas values are any principles, standards, or qualities considered worthwhile and desirable (Bredfeldt 2006). Furthermore, values are determined by one’s worldview and are based on personality, family dynamics, environmental factors, social factors, cultural aspects, political views and other views of social nature. One’s view on creation, God (or the lack of, and even economics shapes one’s values as well as how one perceives and pursues the acquisition of knowledge and wisdom. Additionally one’s values are mutable and change as one’s perception and perspective changes. Our values can be influenced and manipulated by the views and teachings of others and form the basis of our morality where as our virtues are God given. The two combined form the basis for Ethics.

Ethics can be divided into three categories.  At the highest level is our Virtue our concept of God and Evil or theodicy.  Western social concepts of virtues is credited first to the Greek Philosopher Plato who views justice as the highest virtue.  Justice forms the bond that holds all the other four virtues of wisdom, courage, temperance (Self-control) and continence (abstinence from immorality especially sexually desire) in unity and congruency. Additionally, only through the exercise of knowledge and the power given within our soul can ultimate good be achieved for the form is an imperfect copy and our senses are inferior matter or existence is imperfect while essence (soul, God, spirit, knowledge) is perfect and unchanging and is the basis for all things (anonymous 2016).  The second level is one’s personal and family conception of what is right & wrong (general morality) and at the base is secular law or social and corporate structure.

Virtue, Values & Vices

Aristotle built upon Plato’s concepts but came to a different conclusion. For him matter and essence are inseparable and both are derived from God. The lower form matter thereby originated from the deity and all action originates from the potentiality of motion (anonymous 2016).   For Aristotle virtues are God given but must be developed in training and discipline in what he called means. If we for example wish exemplify High-Mindedness (Wisdom) but the over development of it this will lead to the excessive vice of pride (boastfulness, vanity). In Contrast a lack of development will lead to the vice of deficiency of foolishness ( humble-mindedness) Thus for Aristotle, virtues fail as a result of two categories’ of vices one of deficiency and one of excess as a result of a lack of discipline and training.

Aristotle’s list of virtues and vices are listed on the following chart (anonymous 2016).

Cowardice Courage Rashness
Insensibility Temperance Intemperance
Illiberality Liberality Prodigality
Pettiness Munificence Vulgarity
Humble-mindedness High-mindedness Vaingloriness
Want of Ambition Right Ambition Over-ambition
Spiritlessness Good Temper Irascibility
Surliness Friendly Civility Obsequiousness
Ironical Depreciation Sincerity Boastfulness
Boorishness Wittiness Buffoonery
Shamelessness Modesty Bashfulness
Callousness Just Resentment Spitefulness


Finally, one is to practice self-love and friendship or love of others, which is a communal relation, and peaceful and beautiful state of existence with the world in general (anonymous 2016). Furthermore, justice is both general and special in that it applies to the observance of both secular and moral law in occasional circumstance such as judicial and economic matters and is abstract in some instance for absolute justice, which is corrective, and often retaliatory is necessary in moral conduct and common decency.

God cannot be comprehended by practicing normal human moral insight; rather one finds God in happiness in being (anonymous 2016). For Aristotle, pain and pleasure of the mind and soul is the motivation behind the virtues and thus desire for higher pleasure one strives for the highest virtue of high-mindedness through the pursuit of knowledge, wisdom and the disciplines of means or pursuit of the other Godly virtues.

From a Biblical the character of the leader should be developed out of disciple and training from the study of God’s word, meditation, prayer, a life of obedience of faith ( reliance, dependence and trust on Christ and the Holy Spirit).   One must additionally die to flesh – born to Spirit (Rom. 12) and be without boastful pride and in loving humble servitude and in a unity of heart and mind that imitates the likeness of Christ (Phil 1-6). Through the transformation of one’s mind through various spiritual disciplines and the resistance of temptations and living by Christian Ethics, one is granted Spiritual Gifts for the glory of God and service (Rom 12-15).

Additionally, one is to be follow the guidelines of Christian character and conducts as outlined in 1 Tim: 3:1-7 and Titus 1:5-9. This ethical code is similar to the classical code of the Greeks and summarized lists certain desirable traits of conduct for leaders and elders of the church. However, this code should become the basis for all believers conduct, as it is list some basics guidelines for virtues besides those in Romans 12-15. The Fruit of the Spirit, which results from discipline practice and training, is the highest virtues (Gal 5-16-26, Col 3:1-17) and is only given by the leading and granting of the Holy Spirit. Both lists also contain some of the more common sins or depravities of Humanity.  One should recall from Romans 1-8 Paul reminds us all though the Law illustrates us the nature of our sin and we may have all intentions to do good deeds, works actions or even obey out of obligation of the Law. Because of our sin even after being justified or declared citizens of distinction worth and righteous (elect, saints). Will fall short. Thus only by the atoning cross can any of us be truly forgiven, and it is by Christ grace and mercy that all faith is based not by anything we can accomplish. WE however must with the aid of the Holy Spirit striving to become transformed dying from the temptations of sin, forgiving others as well as our self, empowering others and spreading the Gospel to the fallen world serving as Christ like teachers in faith, hope and love.


Courage is essential and is the result of Endurance, perseverance, and often times suffering.  Courage is the ability to face one’s fears, standing firm in strength in one’s convictions and is a discipline virtue that arises from faith and relying on the practice of truth in times of crisis, adversity or suffering. Courage as a virtue is the assurance of the interdependence working of God in total trust and reliance in any situation or occasion of danger (whether perceived or actual).

Thus, with that aid of the Holy Spirit and the Authority given to the believer by Christ the sovereignty will insure the outcome is in the best interest of the Trinity of God and for his divine creation and Eternal- kingdom.  Additionally courage sparks the passion and not always the sensibility of the individual leading to actions in a situation. Wisdom is the application of knowledge, virtues, and vales in a manner that practical and is thus sensible and heartfelt or appropriate in any given situation.


Truth can be absolute or relative based on assumptions, feelings, false input of one’s senses or misguided views or actions. The Bible in inerrant when God, Christ or “The Angel of the Lord says or the Holy Spirit gives direct directives. However, the Bible is also infallible meaning it is the means and ends of achieving Faith. Both doctrines of the church are human perspectives and can be supported by the Biblical Evidence.

However, the Bible is not fully inerrant or infallible in itself and never makes an exclusive claim for one or the other. Rather truth and faith (Spirit) matched with authenticity should be seen as the Biblical doctrine  Biblical intake and teaching requires the ability to differentiate, evaluate and incorporate  historical, occasional, cultural, situational, universal, personal and finally current relevancy (Duvall and Hays 2012, 235-246).

To make a claim that either truth of faith or works or goodwill (deeds) are to be separated or combined in any a+ +b or b+ d or any other combination to achieve salvation is missing the mark. The truth is all are inseparable and holistic parts lived and in of obedience of faith for the suffering Bondservant of Christ. One style of leadership or church will not be fitting or reach and meet the needs for all people and doctrines of man will divide. Each view has strengths and weakness as every man has strength and weaknesses (Bredfeldt 2006).

The Key of Wisdom

The key is discernment with biblical guidance and application of general revelation, assessment and our experience. This enables one as an individual, the Body of Believers or universal communal church, and all who are willing to hear, see and receive the Atoning Sacrifice of Christ and the Good-News in a manner that leads to a profession of faith and the empowering and ongoing transformation to the Eikōn. This New Adam – New Kingdom fulfillment, will be granted  when final salvation and full restoration is completed upon Christ return which is only possible with the aid of others and the Holy Spirit brought forth in humble, and accepting discerning teachings of love grace and mercy.


Uniqueness & Diversity: The Character of a Leader

What defines ethics and sound character will vary from subculture to culture and will differ even by some degree with in the individual heart and mind of each person. A worldview is simply how an individual perceives the world and his place in creation. It is influenced by family dynamics, cultural customs, ethnicity, nationality, religious views ( doctrines and dogma & beliefs), peer pressure, inspiration, philosophical ideology, political perception,  economics, innate vales & talents , God given virtues ( often unrealized or undeveloped), knowledge, and wisdom. This list is far from complete.

Sin is the adversary of character and is like a genetic curse inherit in all humanity. Sin leads to opposition to the guidelines of the Law that is Holy and the basis of our virtuous morality. Only through Christ atoning sacrifice are we worthy and significant free from blind obligation to obedience of the Law.  In correlation by the leading of the Spirit sanctified and ethics is thus written on the heart of all who live obediently in and by faith (Rom 6-8).

Our strengths and weakness need to be assessment and evaluation and at times God uses not our strengths but our weakness ( Gen 50:20)  for the benefit his divine purpose ( Matt 28: 18-20 must be done in conjunction Matt 22:33-39). Finally, Philippians 1-11, Titus 1:6-8, 1 Timothy 3:2-7, 1 Corinthians 13, Galatians 5, Romans 12-16 as well as Matt 5-7, Eph 5, Col 3:5, and Rom 1:18-32, Rom 2-6). The Good News is since all are declared righteous and redeemed by Christ and love writes the Law on one’s heart in transformation, obedience and willing service of love.

The individual and community is being transformed and restored as long as we keep trudging running, persevering, suffering thru the race of life and praising and glorify God in all things. Thus, doing our part to advance the completion of God promise of salvation and inclusion of all who are willing into the New Adam ( Man)- Perfected reconstructed Eternal kingdom of God when Christ returns to reign in the Eschatological Age (Moo 2000).

In God, Christ and Spirit,

Trent Rindoks


Image result for Christian leadership wallpaper

Image result for Cross


anonymous. Ancient Greek Philosophy. Edited by James Fieser, Bradley Dowden, & Kirby Jeremy. 2016. (accessed May 01, 2016).


Bredfeldt, Gary J. Great Leader, Great Teacher: Recovering the Biblical Vision for Leadership. Chicago: Moody Publishers, 2006.

Duvall, Scott J., and Daniel J. Hays. Grasping God’s Word. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2012.

Moo, Douglas J. Romans. NIV Application Commentary. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2000.


Image result for Christian leadership wallpaper


Image result for trinity


“As the old saying goes, ‘From evildoers come evil deed’ (1 Sam. 24:13 [NIV])”.

Short Essay on Hamartiology: The Problem of Evil (Theodicy)

Recently as I was leaving church a friend confronted me with an argument he would like to discuss. With all the wars, disease, decadence and such If God exists how can these atrocities happen? Does not an All- love God prove a contradiction to evil? Why would God if he does exist allow such things to happen?  Although the above situation is a hypothetical scenario it is a conversation many of us of may engage in.

The problem of Evil

To understand the nature of evil one must first define what evil is. Evil can be broken down into two subsets: moral evil and natural evil. Moral evil (sin) can be best explained in the as an active or passive action of negative (evil) intent by a person or entity.

Natural evil is as an unintentional occurrence of evil.  The distinction between natural and moral evil are often intermingled and the lines the two forms of perils often are intermingled. Walter A. Elwell explains: “According to the Bible, natural evil is the consequence of moral evil. At first, while still sinless, man is placed in an idyllic garden where he lives in a happy relationship with his Creator, his wife, and the animals. Eternal life is a possibility. The “day” that he obeys God, i.e., commits moral evil, he was covered with shame, confusion, and anxiety: and rejected from the Garden. The man must bring forth the fruit of the earth, the woman the fruit of the womb in agony (Gen. 3) (Elwell 1984, 2001, 412).” A few examples of sin would be murder, adultery, slavery, drunkenness and the like. Natural evil could be defined as anything from an earthquake to a seemingly random event such as a death of a child.

The problem that arises in the mind of humankind is that desire to proof the nonexistence of God to proof the validity of evil. Many skeptics towards theology would argue that an omnibenevolent – omnipotent God should have eradicated evil or would have not allowed evil to be created in the first place.  Evil therefore must be a contradiction to God thus God must not exist. Another argument is that malicious events happen because of an evil entity or force in opposition to God, which acts as a balancing agent to the universe. Yet another is that evil is the result of man’s deviation of social standards. Many other concepts of Theodicy and morality exist and are beyond the scope of this essay.

In regards to why sin is among mankind and why atrocities happen in the universe, the Bible provides a great starting point for revelation to these two questions. Sin is the result of the Fall as illustrated in the book of Genesis Chapter three and is passed down to man from generation to generation. The result of the original sin (Sin of Adam and Eve) is a separation from God and the loss of eternal life, man being required to work long hard hours and women to have to endure pain at childbirth and became infatuated with her husband and ultimately a separation from God or spiritual death. Anxiety, shame, guilt, and other forms of mental and physical afflictions were introduced once man ate from the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil.  The desire to serve self and do evil entered the heart and minds of man and from selfishness, all sin stems. Some Theologian will debate this claiming pride was the first sin. Pride caused Lucifer to rebel against God. The transformation of Lucifer from Angel of light to Satan (advisory) may be regarded as the actual first sin.  Extreme followers of Calvinistic doctrine and predestination hold all men to a fatal state and only a few (the elect) worthy of Salvation. Most theologians hold a more systematic approach embracing theories and doctrines from numerous sources.  A more extensive study on sin is beyond the scope of the present argument.

The main reference to the seemingly random events of evil and pernicious acts in nature can also be found in the Book of Romans Chapter 8: 21-22. Elmer L. Towns States in Theology for Today: “The earth also became the recipient of divine Judgment. Prior to the fall harmony existed in the animal kingdom. The earth never experienced upheavals of earthquakes and volcanoes, nor did man experience the seasonal changes that bring adverse conditions.  The utopia enjoyed in the garden could be experienced on the entire earth. Since the Fall, Earth’s turmoil has increased dramatically, and animals have become carnivorous rather than vegetarians. Paul notes these conditions: ‘Because the creature itself also shall be delivered from the bondage of corruption into glorious liberty of the children of God. For we know that the whole creation groanrth and travaileth in pain until now’ (Towns 2008, 2002).”

God is incapable of looking upon sin and detests evil. This is illuminated in the last words of Jesus Christ as he died on the cross “‘Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani’ (“My God, My God, why have You forsaken Me?” – Matt. 27:46 [NKJV])?” God in his holiness hates evil and wickedness, (Ps. 5:4, Hab. 1:13), is compassionate (Matt. 15:32, Luke 10:23, Lam 3:22), is slow to anger (Ps. 86:15), most importantly God is love and this is expressed in his deliverance of us from the penalty of death and the promise of our return to grace by salvation to all who accept his son. (John 3:16) (Elwell 1984, 2001, 492-498) What father would sacrifice his only son as a sacrifice for the crimes of another?  Could such a God create evil. God is a man and respects our cognitive and reasoning ability and all beings free will equally. YHWH does not discriminate. We are not puppets.


Like any philosophical or theological concept, Theodicy must be consistent. If a contradiction can be found in the system then the existence of God himself can be disproved. All sound arguments should be without contradiction, true, and take the   middleman out approach.

The following six principles will be included in all sound systems that justify the holiness of God and the coexistence of evil:

1.         Omnipotence: God is omnipotent. In his expression of Agape love and is the divine relational center of the universe. This must be expressed without prejudice.

2.         Relevancy to the problem: The theorem must explain the relation to God to both natural and moral evil without contradiction.

3.         Relevancy to a specific theology system and not universal: The belief must be consistent with the theological system it associated.

4.         Logical Consistency: The equation should explain God’s omnipotence in a logical fashion.

5.         Axiom of the removal of Guilt: A sound defense will remove blame from God & man for the origin of Sin and Calamities. This is not exclusive to all theological doctrines or theodicy however.

6.         Test of the system by absence of contradiction: A sound test against God’s character and omnipotence shall be conducted by proofing that in spite of his power God is incapable of removing the transgressions of the world and of humankind. It is a contradiction to who and what God is.

Theodicy Doctrines

Numerous doctrines of theodicy and ethics exist in the world today outlined below are a few of the more common systems:

1.         Leibniz: In his system, Leibniz observes God only knows why he does the things he does (reasons).  God’s reasons are necessary and unaided by revelation. Only God matters we are insignificant. God created an infinite number of finite worlds but only one best world exists. Metaphysical evil is the lack of being and good is plenty. Good therefore is the sum of God’s best. If God had created less than the best possible world, he would not be good. God always reasons. God always creates and chooses what is best.

Although consistent and without contradiction, the main problem with this view is God is shown only as omnipotent but not All- loving.

2.         Augustine: God had no need or obligation to create a world but it was fitting him to do so. This is based on his own decision and not on any universal laws. There are an infinite number of finite worlds he created, as he deemed relevant. Augustine believed sin originated from Adam and passed from generation to generation.

Opponent of this tradition claim Augustine did not account free – will.

3.         Rationalist An offshoot of the Augustine tradition amends the weakness of the Augustine tradition. Rationalist theologians explain simply this is one of the many possible good worlds. Rationalist may use a free- will defense to state that good and evil are of no consequence of God. An outside force introduced evil.

4.         Soul-building: theorist claim that this has no significance as it is part of our predetermined plan. God will ultimately use evil to bring good.

5.         Other: Other free-will agents point to the abuse of the will of man as the cause of evil. God should not be guilty of giving man free will as man exercise his will independently of God.

Although the free will system has it merits an excessive view can lead some to underestimate the power effects of Sin and but an overly dependence on man. Soul -build agents can be accused of a near contradiction. How can God build souls and remove Evil at the same time? What about those who choose to resist the will or deny God and salvation all together? The Bible states clearly some will be judged and perish in the Lake of fire during the eschatological times (Elwell 1984, 2001, 1184-1187).

Personal Thoughts & Conclusion

Personally, I hold to the rationalist approach but can see some merit in the view of the soul-building agent theory. Pauline doctrine in the book of Romans details a clear path of Salvation. The Epistles to the Galatians, Corinthians and Ephesians account sin and the destructive nature in detail. James warns of sin particular of the tongue. The beatitude teaches us how to live a more loving and righteous lifestyle. I also, hold strongly to the Augustine tradition of theology stating original sin is passes from generation to generation. I however, acknowledge a more free-will approach and recognize that moral sin is the result of our actions. I do not discredit the role that society, family and our environment plays on our belief nor do I chastise the theologian who follows the Calvinist theory of the predestination. I believe Salvation is available to all who come to Christ but belief in the Doctrine of Works for the sake of Sanctification. Thus, it is by sin God teaches us and draws us closer to him.

In regards to the world, sometimes things just happen. Why God allows them to do so is a mystery. God has only revealed part of himself in his Word and will continue to reveal himself to those who seek by illumination, meditation, study, and, prayer. As a Christian, student of philosophy, one must be teachable and willing and open to new idea (without contradiction or embracing false teachings). In accepting truth may be found anywhere and  as God is the source of all knowledge and truth knowledge may be derived from unlikely sources I try to keep an open mind and not just consult the Bible for revelation. God is either everything or nothing or else evil would either completely exit or not exist at all.

A negative experience or a lack of knowledge may lead one away from religion and into the realm of confusion. Wisdom by prayer, reading the word and observation and by attempting to live by the guidelines of morality, and brotherly love as outlined in the Bible are one’s only true hope to overcoming death.  One can never be Holy just better.

In God, Christ, and the Spirit,

Trenton Clark Rindoks

Word count: # 2011


Elwell, Walter A. Evangelical Dictionary of Theology 2nd Edition. Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 1984, 2001.

Towns, Elmer L. Theology for Today . Mason: Cengage Learning, 2008,2002.


Is There Time for Everything “Under the SUN?”

(What Solomon Teaches on Worldly Trappings)

During my morning meditation, I came across some words of wisdom I wish to share. I have been reading 31 days to Happiness[i] as one of my sources of inspiration.  31 days of Happiness is a study that teaches one to use The Book of Ecclesiastes and King Solomon’s revelations to break free of world entrapment.

In Chapter 5, David Jeremiah analyses Ecclesiastes 3:1-8, which states:

A Time for Everything

3 There is a time for everything,

And a season for every activity under the heavens:

2     a time to be born and a time to die,

A time to plant and a time to uproot,

3     a time to kill and a time to heal,

A time to tear down and a time to build,

4     a time to weep and a time to laugh,

A time to mourn and a time to dance,

5     a time to scatter stones and a time to gather them,

A time to embrace and a time to refrain from embracing,

6     a time to search and a time to give up,

A time to keep and a time to throw away,

7     a time to tear and a time to mend,

A time to be silent and a time to speak,

8     a time to love and a time to hate,

A time for war and a time for peace.

Versus 1-3 deal with our physical life reminding us that our life is temporary and planned by God. The Author also points out however that our body decays and heals as part of a natural process as we age, that cells regenerate every seven years after decaying, and life and death are a natural occurrence in God’s world. Christians should not fear death any ways. Christ states in 1Corinthians 15 (MSG):


15 1-2 Friends, let me go over the Message with you one final time— this Message that I proclaimed and that you made your own; this Message on which you took your stand and by which your life has been saved. (I am assuming, now, that your belief was the real thing and not a passing fancy, that you’re in this for good and holding fast.)

3-9 The first thing I did was place before you what was placed so emphatically before me: that the Messiah died for our sins, exactly as Scripture tells it; that he was buried; that he was raised from death on the third day, again exactly as Scripture says; that he presented himself alive to Peter, then to his closest followers, and later to more than five hundred of his followers all at the same time, most of them still around (although a few have since died); that he then spent time with James and the rest of those he commissioned to represent him; and that he finally presented himself alive to me. It was fitting that I bring up the rear. I don’t deserve to be included in that inner circle, as you well know, having spent all those early years trying my best to stamp God’s church right out of existence.

10-11 But because God was so gracious, so very generous, here I am. And I’m not about to let his grace go to waste. Haven’t I worked hard trying to do more than any of the others? Even then, my work didn’t amount to all that much. It was God giving me the work to do, God giving me the energy to do it. So whether you heard it from me or from those others, it’s all the same: We spoke God’s truth and you entrusted your lives.

12-15 Now, let me ask you something profound yet troubling. If you became believers because you trusted the proclamation that Christ is alive, risen from the dead, how can you let people say that there is no such thing as a resurrection? If there’s no resurrection, there’s no living Christ. And face it—if there’s no resurrection for Christ, everything we’ve told you is smoke and mirrors, and everything you’ve staked your life on is smoke and mirrors. Not only that, but we would be guilty of telling a string of barefaced lies about God, all these affidavits we passed on to you verifying that God raised up Christ—sheer fabrications, if there’s no resurrection.

16-20 if corpses can’t be raised, then Christ wasn’t, because he was indeed dead. And if Christ weren’t raised, then all you’re doing is wandering about in the dark, as lost as ever. It’s even worse for those who died hoping in Christ and resurrection, because they’re already in their graves. If all we get out of Christ is a little inspiration for a few short years, we’re a pretty sorry lot. But the truth is that Christ has been raised up, the first in a long legacy of those who are going to leave the cemeteries.

21-28 There is a nice symmetry in this: Death initially came by a man, and resurrection from death came by a man. Everybody dies in Adam; everybody comes alive in Christ. But we have to wait our turn: Christ is first, then those with him at his Coming, the grand consummation when, after crushing the opposition, he hands over his kingdom to God the Father. He won’t let up until the last enemy is down—and the very last enemy is death! As the psalmist said, “He laid them low, one and all; he walked all over them.” When Scripture says that “he walked all over them,” it’s obvious that he couldn’t at the same time be walked on. When everything and everyone is finally under God’s rule, the Son will step down, taking his place with everyone else, showing that God’s rule is absolutely comprehensive—a perfect ending!

29 Why do you think people offer themselves to be baptized for those already in the grave? If there’s no chance of resurrection for a corpse, if God’s power stops at the cemetery gates, why do we keep doing things that suggest he’s going to clean the place out someday, pulling everyone up on their feet alive?

30-33 And why do you think I keep risking my neck in this dangerous work? I look death in the face practically every day I live. Do you think I’d do this if I wasn’t convinced of your resurrection and mine as guaranteed by the resurrected Messiah Jesus? Do you think I was just trying to act heroic when I fought the wild beasts at Ephesus, hoping it wouldn’t be the end of me? Not on your life! It’s resurrection, resurrection, always resurrection, that undergirds what I do and say, the way I live. If there’s no resurrection, “We eat, we drink, the next day we die,” and that’s all there is to it. But don’t fool yourselves. Don’t let yourselves be poisoned by this anti-resurrection loose talk. “Bad company ruins good manners.”

34 Think straight. Awaken to the holiness of life. No more playing fast and loose with resurrection facts. Ignorance of God is a luxury you can’t afford in times like these. Aren’t you embarrassed that you’ve let this kind of thing go on as long as you have?

35-38 Some skeptic is sure to ask, “Show me how resurrection works. Give me a diagram; draw me a picture. What does this ‘resurrection body’ look like?” If you look at this question closely, you realize how absurd it is. There are no diagrams for this kind of thing. We do have a parallel experience in gardening. You plant a “dead” seed; soon there is a flourishing plant. There is no visual likeness between seed and plant. You could never guess what a tomato would look like by looking at a tomato seed. What we plant in the soil and what grows out of it don’t look anything alike. The dead body that we bury in the ground and the resurrection body that comes from it will be dramatically different.

39-41 You will notice that the variety of bodies is stunning. Just as there are different kinds of seeds, there are different kinds of bodies—humans, animals, birds, fish—each unprecedented in its form. You get a hint at the diversity of resurrection glory by looking at the diversity of bodies not only on earth but in the skies—sun, moon, stars—all these varieties of beauty and brightness. And we’re only looking at pre-resurrection “seeds”—who can imagine what the resurrection “plants” will be like!

42-44 This image of planting a dead seed and raising a live plant is a mere sketch at best, but perhaps it will help in approaching the mystery of the resurrection body—but only if you keep in mind that when we’re raised, we’re raised for good, alive forever! The corpse that’s planted is no beauty, but when it’s raised, it’s glorious. Put in the ground weak, it comes up powerful. The seed sown is natural; the seed grown is supernatural—same seed, same body, but what a difference from when it goes down in physical mortality to when it is raised up in spiritual immortality!

45-49 We follow this sequence in Scripture: The First Adam received life, the Last Adam is a life-giving Spirit. Physical life comes first, then spiritual—a firm base shaped from the earth, a final completion coming out of heaven. The First Man was made out of earth, and people since then are earthy; the Second Man was made out of heaven, and people now can be heavenly. In the same way that we’ve worked from our earthy origins, let’s embrace our heavenly ends.

50 I need to emphasize, friends, that our natural, earthy lives don’t in themselves lead us by their very nature into the kingdom of God. Their very “nature” is to die, so how could they “naturally” end up in the Life kingdom?

51-57 But let me tell you something wonderful, a mystery I’ll probably never fully understand. We’re not all going to die—but we are all going to be changed. You hear a blast to end all blasts from a trumpet, and in the time that you look up and blink your eyes—it’s over. On signal from that trumpet from heaven, the dead will be up and out of their graves, beyond the reach of death, never to die again. At the same moment and in the same way, we’ll all be changed. In the resurrection scheme of things, this has to happen: everything perishable taken off the shelves and replaced by the imperishable, this mortal replaced by the immortal. Then the saying will come true:

Death swallowed by triumphant Life!

Who got the last word, oh, Death?

Oh, Death, who’s afraid of you now?

It was sin that made death so frightening and law-code guilt that gave sin its leverage, its destructive power. But now in a single victorious stroke of Life, all three—sin, guilt, death—are gone, the gift of our Master, Jesus Christ. Thank God!

58 With all this going for us, my dear, dear friends, stand your ground. And don’t hold back. Throw yourselves into the work of the Master, confident that nothing you do for him is a waste of time or effort.

Versus 4-5 teach about our emotional life.

It teaches us basically mourning, celebrating crying, anger, and expressions of affection are all part of who we are in God. We must learn to embrace our emotions and express them in the right contact. We must not hold in our emotions when they need to be released but need to learn to contain them when it may cause undo harm. Basically it states there is a time and a place for every thin “Under the Sun”

Verses 6-8 teach us about our spiritual life, our difficulties in life. It also reminds us that the tongue can be our enemy.

New International Version (NIV)

Taming the Tongue

3 Not many of you should become teachers, my fellow believers, because you know that we who teach will be judged more strictly. 2 We all stumble in many ways. Anyone who is never at fault in what they say is perfect, able to keep their whole body in check.

3 When we put bits into the mouths of horses to make them obey us, we can turn the whole animal. 4 Or take ships as an example. Although they are so large and are driven by strong winds, they are steered by a very small rudder wherever the pilot wants to go. 5 Likewise, the tongue is a small part of the body, but it makes great boasts. Consider what a great forest is set on fire by a small spark. 6 The tongue also is a fire, a world of evil among the parts of the body. It corrupts the whole body, sets the whole course of one’s life on fire, and is itself set on fire by hell.

7 All kinds of animals, birds, reptiles and sea creatures are being tamed and have been tamed by mankind, 8 but no human being can tame the tongue. It is a restless evil, full of deadly poison.

9 With the tongue we praise our Lord and Father, and with it we curse human beings, who have been made in God’s likeness. 10 Out of the same mouth come praise and cursing. My brothers and sisters, this should not be. 11 Can both fresh water and salt water flow from the same spring? 12 My brothers and sisters, can a fig tree bear olives, or a grapevine bear figs? Neither can a salt spring produce fresh water.

This section also teaches us that at times hatred and war are also necessary.  We  should hate sin, but love the sinner.  Remember what is said in Psalms:

I will not look with approval

on anything that is vile.

I hate what faithless people do;

I will have no part in it. (Psalm 101:3)

I hate and detest falsehood

But I love your law. (Psalm 119:163)

If you continue, reading Ecclesiastes Chapter 3 it explains that even ones work and achievements are meaningless.  Solomon explains that either what you build someone will destroy or it will eventually decay. Worse yet you may be forgotten or someone may claim your deeds as their own! The Chapter goes on to point out we came from dust and will return to dust so we might as well enjoy are time here. It should be cautioned and noted that Solomon also in Ecclesiastes concluded wealth and hedonism leads to a separation from God, Loneliness and ultimately empties and destruction.

So what is the ultimate answer to true happiness? After studying many religions and philosophical paths, I concluded. There are two choices:

Spend all your time doing good deeds and try to achieve balance with the universe (for the non-religiously inclined)or to empress some divine being or host of beings

Salvation (For God so loved the world that he gave his one and only Son, that whoever believes in him shall not perish but have eternal life. John 3:16 NIV).

[i] David Jeremiah 31 Days to Happiness searching for  Heaven on Earth (Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 2004)

(What Genesis Chapters 1-11 teach us regarding the natural world, human identity, human relationships, and civilization and the way it has changed my view of the world.)

In this essay I will summarize what Genesis teaches us about the natural world, our human identity, and our relationships.  I will cover the origin of civilization. I will then, conclude with a synopsis on how Genesis has changed my world view-point.

What does Genesis teach about the natural World?

Genesis teaches that in the beginning God created the Earth, all the planets and the universe and that the Earth was formless and dark and was made up of water. His Spirit hovered over the water. God then created light and separating the light and dark into day and night. Saying He also created the Morning and the Evening thus, Concluding the first day of Creation.

On the Second day, God created the sky and dry land and all the vegetation.

On the Third day God created the seasons, days and years. He also created the Sun, the moon and the Star

Next God created animals, and on the Sixth day he made man in his own image. The man was named Adam and was given dominion over every creature.  God informed him he may eat from every plant and every tree except for the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil.  Proving to Adam (and now Mankind) how God will provide for our daily needs.

What does Genesis teach about Human Identity?

Genesis teaches that man was made in the image of God and that Woman was created from man to serve as his companion.  Genesis also teaches that man needs a dependency on God for left to his own desires and the inherit nature of Sin he will destroy himself.

What does Genesis teach about Human Relationship?

Genesis teach us that God quickly realized Adam was lonely and in need of a companion. After a suitable one could not be found among the animal kingdom, God caused Adam to fall into a deep sleep and from one of his ribs created woman. In Genesis 2:23(NIV) man says to God “This is now bone of my bone and flesh of my flesh; she shall be called woman, for she was taken out of man.”  In the living insight Bible Charles R. Swindoll points out “ Here are four timeless one word principles from Scripture that give a marriage (as well as a family) its strength: Severance, Permanence, Unity, and  Intimacy.” [i]

Another point illustrated in Genesis is Man’s deceitful nature. This first appears when Adam and Eve are hiding from God when they realize they are naked after eating from the Tree of Knowledge. Then Adam blames Eve for causing him to eat the fruit, and Eve blames the Serpent. Instead of each being accountable for their respective sins the both try to shift the blame or use deception to avoid facing the possible consequences of their actions.

The first ever recorded murder is a result stemming from jealousy when Cain kills Abel when his sacrifice is not seen as priced in the eyes of God. This serves as a powerful reminder of both the danger of jealousy and the power of pride.

The two main themes outlined in Genesis in regards to human nature are we all are inheritably sinful creatures and that since God loves us in spite of what we have done. We should thus, forgive the transgressions of other people and treat those around us with the same kindness and dignity God shows unto us.

Genesis then continues on to explain that as man became more   corrupt he was forced to destroy the world in a great flood. Only Noah and his family, and two of every unclean and 7 of every clean animals were spared. This is the first mass baptism in history as God cleanse the world of sin and once again shows us God’s grace as he spares those who serve him faithfully from the flood.

What does Genesis teach us about Civilization?

Genesis teaches us that Civilization began with Adam and Eve near the Tigris and Euphrates River in what is now present day Iraq.    Originally, man lived in harmony with God and all creatures of the world in the Garden of Eden and would have had eternal life sustained by the Tree of Life. However, Once Adam and Eve made the decision to taste The Fruit of Knowledge they were separated from God and cast out of the Garden of Eden. Man was to work the earth for his Sin and woman was to endure the pains of childbirth as a reminder of her transgression against God.

Eventually the first age of man became corrupt .All but Noah and his dependents were destroyed.  Noah had three sons Ham, Japheth and Shem and from these sons all the nations of the world come to exist.

From Ham the Hamites came into being. The Hamites settled Cush, Egypt Assyria, Babylon and Philistine.

From Shem descended the Semites.  These people settled Mesha to Sepharin the eastern hillside and Ur. (Possibly India)From this clan Abram was born and later the nation of Israel would come to prominence paving the way for the House of David and the come of Christ.

From Japheth would come the Japhethites a maritime people who would later become the Phoenicians, Greeks, and other people of the Mediterranean Sea.

In what way has Genesis Changed my world viewpoint?

Genesis Has expanded my view of the world by allowing me to realize that even from the beginning God’s Grace was present. God, predicted the coming of Christ from Woman, it edified my beliefs from my studies of ancient civilization by giving Biblical accounts to support that man originating from the Fertile Crescent.  Genesis also further will allow me to disprove the myth of the Big Bang Theory.  Although personally, I still hold to the notion that dinosaurs did not walk the Earth with Man but are from a different Era and hold fast to carbon dating method and Archeology. I plan to use these tools as methods for Evangelism and reasoning. Also, I never noticed in my studies of Scriptures before that 7 clean animals were taken onto the Ark. My thought on this is God provided enough clean animals for sacrifice while leaving two of each species for mating purposes as not to lead to the extinction of any species. Once again showing us how God truly has everything thought out well advance for us. Once in a While, All one needs to do is simply stay out of his way and let his plans happen. As hard as it may seem his Will shall be done no matter what we try.  However due to our stubbornness, and the true nature of Sin itself we complicate life.


In God’s Peace.

Trent Rindoks


















[i] Charles R. Swindoll. The living Insight Study Bible(Grand Rapids:Zondervan,1996): 7

%d bloggers like this: